On this day, July 13, in 1965, Thurgood Marshall was appointed by Lyndon B. Johnson to be the Solicitor General.
After receiving a law degree from Howard University in Washington, D.C., in 1933, Marshall joined the legal counsel of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. He won 29 cases for the organization, including a landmark victory in 1954’s Brown v. Board of Education case, the result of which formally ended segregation in all United States public schools.
He was also the first Black person to be named Solicitor General, and in 1967, Marshall was appointed to the Supreme Court.
He retired from the bench in 1991, and passed away at the age of 84 on January 24, 1993.